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         Salzburg – Mozart’s City of Music and Joy
                    


Standing on the banks of the River Salzach, Salzburg is one of the most-demanded tourist cities in Europe.
Running through the south are the main ranges of the Central Alps with numerous 3,000m peaks.
Literally
Salzburg means “Salt Castle” and the City derived its name from the barges carrying salt
on the Salzach River, which were subject to a toll in the 8th century.

It’s not only the greeneth of the Nature or the mightieth of the mountain peaks that draw thousands of tourists
each year, City`s ever-glorious son “
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart”, shortly enough as “Mozart” is the main
attraction behind the enormous flow of tourists each year.
On January 27th, 2006, the City celebrated the
250th anniversary of the birth of this gifted musician of all time.
All 35 churches rang their bells a little after
8 P.M (local time) to celebrate the occasion. Now in peak times the numbers of tourists outnumber locals
by a large margin. Obviously the most notable tourist attraction is
Getreidegasse 9, Mozart’s Birthplace!!

Mozart was born to Leopold and Anna Maria Pertl Mozart in Salzburg, the capital of the sovereign Archbishopric
of Salzburg, then part of the Holy Roman Empire. His father was one of Europe’s leading musical teachers.
His influential textbook on the fundamentals of playing Violin was published in 1756. His father gave up
composing when
Mozart’s outstanding musical talents became evident when he was about three years old.
His father was his only teacher in his earliest years and gave him intensive musical training, including instruction
in clavier, violin and organ. Mozarts first compositions were written in 1761 when he was five years old.

Some 20 km to the south of the City stands the
medieval town Hallein now the district capital of Tennengau.
Long known for salt mines in the mountain of Dürnberg, settlements in the area have been traced back to
4000 years. It was a Celtic community from 600 BCE until the Romans took over in 15 BCE.
The ‘Celtic Museum’
in Hallein displays tools and equipments from the Hallstatt and La Tene (Iron Age) periods (800 – 15 B.C),
taken from the prehistoric graves found in Dürnberg.

City’s Fortress “Hohensalzburg” is one of the largest castles in Europe. It sits on Festungberg Hill with views
over Salzburg. The Festung (German for fortress) is the first to catch the eyes of tourists entering the old part
of the City. Hardly any tourist leaves it behind the list of  sightseeing. The
fortress was built in 1077 under
Archbishop ‘Gebhard von Helffenstein’and expanded during the following centuries and now is the symbol
of City’s ‘Might and Wealth’.

Mirabell Gardens, one of the most beautiful Baroque gardens are built along a north-south axis orienting
towards the Festung Hohenslazburg. It has a central fountain and marvellous sculptors of ancient Roman
Gods Apollo, Venus, Jupiter Diana and others.

The
Hellbrunn Palace, was built between 1613 and 1615 by Markus Sittikus von Hohenems. Simultaneously
a prince and archbishop, he was a man of power and wealth. Hellbrunn is more than a summer place with
a park and fountains – it`s a love of life. A long alley, the Hellbrunner Alley, connects the palace with the City of
Salzburg. The alley is a beloved walk way for the nature lovers.

The
Untersberg mountain is the natural boundary between Germany and Austria. The mountain is a popular
tourist destination because of its proximity to the City. A cable car can lead tourists to the top for a small fair.
The 1288 meters high ‘
Mystic Gaisberg’ offers an excellent panoramic view of the City of Salzburg and its
surroundings. The mountain is an all the year round destination for hikers and other sportive events.

The Salzburg Festival is a world-famous music festival that attracts hundreds and thousands of tourists from
around the world in July and August each year. A much smaller and local ‘Easter Festival’ is held around Easter
every year.

Salzburg’s “
Old Town” (“Altstadt”) is listed as UNESCO World Heritage Site on January 1, 1997 marking a high
distinction for the City of Salzburg.

Last but not least, a traveler can enjoy a Fiaker ride, oldtime horse carriages, for a leisurely tour of the city or
can sit back and cruise the river in the
“Amadeus” cruise ship.

Either you walk, take a ride or cruise up the Salzach River, Mozart’s City of Music will fill you with joy and vigor.
Welcome to Salzburg !!


For Tourists: Info about Salzburg:

http://www2.salzburg.info/

http://www.salzburgerland.com/en/


Source: Wikipedia a, b
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   Salzburg - Mozart, Music, Mountains, Salzach          
                            and the Celts
A view of the city from Festung Hohensalzburg
Mozart's birthplace, Getreidegasse 9
Festung Hohensalzburg
Cruise ship 'Amadeus'
Baroque:

  The word baroque derives probably from the ancient Portugese noun "barroco" which is a pearl                         
    that is not round but of unpredictable and elaborate shape. Hence, in informal usage, the word                          
    barouqe can simply mean that something is "elaborate", with many details. The popularity and                          
    success of the "Baroque" was encouraged by the Roman Catholic Church which had decided
   at the time of the Council of Trent (1545 - 63) that the arts should communicate religious themes  
   in direct and emotional involvement. An example of baroque architecture is Ludwigsburg Palace
   near Stuttgart, Germany.


Source:
Wikipedia
shamskm.com